Author: George Erdeli
and Bianca Dumitrescu
Like in the other Central-European countries, Romania’s industrial development model over 1950- 1989, focused on the accelerated and extensive socialist-type industrialisation, explosive urbanisation and the implementation of urban and rural planning schemes. It was a stage in which the national urban system expanded and consolidated. It might be said that the aim of post-war industrialisation and urbanisation was largely attained by a gradual transition from the traditional rural-agrarian society to the urban-industrial society of the 1990s. It was a stagewise evolution that took on different forms, had a dynamics of its own, and developed sociocultural particularities in the course of urbanisation. After 1989, reflected the urban system underwent a deep-going restructuring process that the country’s socio-political changes; urbanisation itself acquring new scope and breadth. This new stage of transition from the industrial to the services town-type mirrored the country’s socio-political transition. The industrial function preserved its importance even more than in the economically developed West European states, modern industry and technology being expected to provide the Romanian urban system a development that would enable it to integrate into the town system of Europe. The urban system is undergoing a process of restructuring now, the urban phenomenon acquiring new characteristics and dimensions. The industrial city – the representative type of urban settlement, is to be gradually replaced by the polifunctional and services town, as part of the country’s economic and social-political development targets for the beginning of the third millennium.
Author: Ioan Ianos
, Cristian Braghina
and Cristian Talanga
Full text .pdf Le système national d’enseignement supérieur roumain était représenté au début de l’année universitaire 2004-2005 par 117 institutions, dont 57 d’Etat et 60 privées. Dans le cadre de toutes ces institutions, approximativement 600000 étudiants suivaient leurs cours, ce…
Author: Melinda Cândea
and Elena Bogan
Full text .pdf Petroşani Depression, situated in Romanian Southern Carpathians, is confronted today with varied problems of economic and social nature, due in special to activity’s cessation at some mining objectives from the area, which led to the decline on…
Author: Valeria Alexandrescu
Full text .pdf For centuries on end, the Petroşani Depression, – one of the very few in the Southern Carpathians – has been a vast pastureland that helped the development of pastoral life. But, the discovery and exploitation of rich…
Author: Ion Nicolae
Seventy years ago Professor Ion Conea, a famous Romanian geographer and toponymist, suggested that, when not modified by officials, place-names are like ´some condensed description of the country’ (Conea 1928). In Romania there are, broadly speaking, three types of place-names: first, traditional placenames which are unchanged; second, traditional place-names which have been slightly changed so that they conform with the modern Romanian language; and third, new place-names which have been imposed by the authorities. In Romania, as in other regions of Europe, there are many settlement names (oikonymes) which fall into this third category and these form the focus of the paper. There are two periods of Romanian modern history during which place names have been changed on a wide scale. The first was in the decades following independence in 1878 and continuing up to the Second World War. The second, when the replacement of traditional place names was most widespread, was during the communist period (1948-1989).
Author: Cristian Talanga
Full text .pdf The paper present some problems of the developement and geographical repartition of the transport system, telecommunication networks and public services in Romania in the last part of the 20th century and their influence on the settlement system.…
Author: Liliana Dumitrache
Full text .pdf This paper analyses the state of health of the Romanian population between 1990 and 2000. This was assessed through the use of an aggregate index obtained from well-established indicators of the state of health such as general…
Author: Daniela Dumbraveanu
Full text .pdf This article is developing a theoretical introduction and presentation of concepts, principles and development strategies in sustainable tourism. A detailed presentation of all the theoretical concepts concerning sustainable development and its tourism dimension is included further focusing…
Author: Silviu Costachie
„Geopolitical aspects of Jewish presence in the Romanian Principalities, during the Middle Ages” is probably one of the very few scientific articles about the geopolitical role of Jewish existence in Romanian territory during the last centuries. Few historians dared to deal with this topic, as it was regarded a very delicate issue. The author is the only geographer that managed to show us some geopolitical aspects regarding the immense role of this ethnic group in the political, economical and social life of the Romanian people during the Middle Ages. Based on various sources of information, and expressing all the facts from a geographical point of view, the author offers us an analytic study of the geopolitical role of Jews who had settled in Romanian territory between XIVth and XVIIIth centuries. Interesting facts are revealed regarding the way Romanian ‘voivodes’ came to the throne and the help they received from the Jews.
Author: Elena Matei
Full text .pdf There is much confusion about ecotourism. For many people it seems to be agro-tourism, rural tourism etc. The study tries to point again what does it meant and how sustainable and useful can be for this area.…