Journal Archives

Historical GIS: mapping the Bucharest geographies of the pre-socialist industry

Author: , , and

This article aims to map the manner in which the first industrial units crystalized in Bucharest and their subsequent dynamic. Another phenomenon considered was the way industrial sites grew and propagated and how the first industrial clusters formed, thus amplifying the functional variety of the city. The analysis was undertaken using Historical GIS, which allowed to integrate elements of industrial history with the location of the most important industrial objectives. Working in GIS meant creating a database with the existing factories in Bucharest, but also those that had existed in different periods. Integrating the historical with the spatial information about industry in Bucharest was preceded by thorough preparations, which included geo-referencing sources (city plans and old maps) and rectifying them. This research intends to serve as an example of how integrating past and present spatial data allows for the analysis of an already concluded phenomenon and also explains why certain present elements got to their current state.

Keywords: , ,
Issue: Volume 10, Issue 2, 2016

Socio-economic typologies of rural spaces in Moldavia region. Study case: Botosani County, Romania

Author: and

This paper aims to provide a regionally integrated image of Botoșani County, by identifying base typologies concerning the administrative units inside the region it belongs. The analysis of the study focuses on the social and economic sectors aiming to underline the inequities from within. The state of the rural environment in region of Moldavia is statistically analyzed based on data provided by the Romanian Censuses for 2002 and 2011. This analysis serves to fulfill the purpose of this paper, which is to place Botoșani County in its integrated regional position argued from a complex perspective but capable to emphasize it at territorial level. The main results of the analysis concerning the economic and social typologies are acquired through the standardized values of the indicators used, through highlighting the existing positive and negative deviations, and also by setting a profile for each base administrative unit. This study is descriptive and analytic, being meant to highlight the evolution of the demographic, economic and social domains in Moldavia and Botoșani County in the period 2002–2011, the tendency of classifying the NUTS 3 administrative units by the deviations from regional means.

Keywords: , , , , ,
Issue: Volume 10, Issue 2, 2016

Agricultural land use changes according LPIS in Brno Metropolitan Area

Author:

Territorial changes of agriculture land use between 2008 and 2013 were studied in the Brno Metropolitan Area, consisting of the territory of 167 municipalities around the city of Brno, Czech Republic. The article describes the ways of thinking about land use changes and evaluates differences of land use changes between agriculture system LPIS and Cadastre. Analyses identify differences between databases and detected partial outdated data in Cadastre and therefore conclude, that the most common source is not in some cases precise to express the situation of decreases of agriculture land. The largest decreases were caused according to LPIS by a construction of solar power plants, sand quarries, and urbanization. The end of the article is focused on raising awareness about the possibilities of reducing the negative impact of changes in agricultural land, which emphasizes the education about land use changes irreversibility as the most important.

Keywords: , , , , ,
Issue: Volume 10, Issue 2, 2016

The collapse of the state industry in Romania: between political and economic drivers

Author:

Deindustrialisation is one of the most complex and dynamic processes that have shaped the global economy over the past half century. This article aims to highlight the factors behind this process and their implications in the national state industry. In Romania, deindustrialization has profoundly marked recent history, after 1990, through the closure of hundreds of factories and the loss of over 2.5 million jobs. The process resulted in the rising of unemployment and of the crime rate and generated the phenomenon of poverty. The research results were obtained by studying the economic policies adopted by eight governments between 1990 and 2006. The study underlines that deindustrialization in Romania was a consequence of an accumulation of internal and external factors whose impact was amplified by the failure of government policies.

Keywords: , , ,
Issue: Volume 10, Issue 2, 2016

After deindustrialisation: Changing urban economy in the Danube valley region

Author:

The paper is aiming to discuss the role of deindustrialization in generating socio-economic dislocation at regional level. The change of industry along the way from the centrally-planned to market oriented economy, while redefining the spatial patterns of growth and decline, has combined with emergent forms of social and economic inequality. The specific aims of the paper are twofold. First, having the privilege of a two and a half-decade long perspective, the paper looks back at the period of deindustrialization, pinpointing the successive waves of employment decline in the wider context of the extensive process of economic restructuring. Second, using methods of spatial analysis, the paper examines the new distribution pattern of industrial change in the Danube region, specifying in empirical terms the relation with evolutionary trends and regional specialization. The findings pinpoint at the consequences of the far-reaching deindustrialization process on the regional economic base of the Danube towns.

Keywords: , , ,
Issue: Volume 10, Issue 2, 2016