Journal Archives

Socio-economic deprivation and health outcomes in Ialomița County (Romania)

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Several health researchers have emphasised the effects of socio-economic factors on population health outcomes. Many studies have been demonstrating the relationship between socio-economic conditions and individual health, as they have stated that deprived population are more likely to have a higher rate of morbidity and mortality due to different diseases. This study examines the association between socioeconomic deprivation and health outcomes among the population from urban and rural communities in Ialomi a ţ County (Romania). The research is based on statistical and spatial analysis, using indicators related to socio-economic deprivation (economic status index, housing endowment index, education level index and) and indicators related to health outcomes. Preliminary results showed the expansion of deprived areas, overlapping areas with precarious population health, generally areas with high incidence of respiratory and digestive diseases, high mortality due to infectious diseases.

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Issue: Volume 11, Issue 2, 2017

Farming economies in Ukraine by resource potential aggregate

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This paper is aiming to present the concept of ‘resource potential aggregate of farming economies’ and trial an analysis of agriculture development units based on it. The resource potential aggregate takes into consideration the following: interconnected labour, materials and land resources. As a whole functioning mechanism, they predene the perspectives of their own development objectively and determine its level. Quantitative estimations, such as costs (to start with) related to the economies of the farming associations, land use structure and territorial productivity, have been disclosed as methodological specicities concerning the value of resource potential aggregate. It is asserted that land resources play the leading role in the structure of resource potential aggregate (over 76 %). They are followed by capital assets (nearly 15%), and labour resources (nearly 9%). The ‘Prychornomorskyy’, the ‘Prydniprovskyy’ and the Central economic units known as ‘rayons’ are characterised as keepers of the highest resource potential aggregate of economies of farming associations. NorthWestern and the Carpathian show the lowest values. Meanwhile, the highest rayons territorial productivity of resource potential aggregate is to be noticed in the economies of farming associations of Podilskyy, Carpathian and Stolychnyy rayons in Ukraine.

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Issue: Volume 11, Issue 2, 2017

The socio-economic effects of Karun 3 dam on the sustainable development of rural areas. A case study in Iran

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Aiming to explain the socio-economic effects of reservoir dams on the sustainable development of rural areas, this paper, as a case study on Iran focuses on Karun 3 Dam, the largest arch dam of the Middle East. 350 rural household were studied through survey data collection. The households settled in 38 villages where questionnaires were distributed accordingly. The results showed that the dam has been effective in improving agriculture and boosting local economic indices, but has not affected on tourism, industrial development and employment. Also, it seems that the indices of quality of life, welfare and social capital correlate with inefcient dam performance in rural sustainable economic development. Evaluation of the effective social and economic variables of the dam in relation to the sustainable development of rural settlements shows that there is a duality in management based sustainable development that has prevented the positive effects of the dam on villages.

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Issue: Volume 11, Issue 2, 2017

Regional issues on road accidents and trafic injury in Ukraine

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This paper aims to analyse death and injury frequencies caused by road accidents in different regions of Ukraine. Types of road accidents and their degree of severity are analyzed, in addition to the level of road accidents in Ukraine compared to the same parameters in Europe. 2007 and 2013 death rates and injury rates due to car crashes or trafc accidents are considered as ratio per 1,000 inhabitants and 1,000 cars. An overall geographically featured assessment of road injuries has also been computed for each administrative region of the country. An evaluation of an integrated road safety index based on the statistical analysis of road accidents indicators has been developed (primarily making use of factor analysis such as principal component analysis and correlation analysis). Assessment of an integrated road safety index has been introduced since this enabled us to differentiate and identify a variety of regional categories related to traumatism and mortality rates due to road accidents.

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Issue: Volume 11, Issue 2, 2017

Spatiality of ethnic identity and construction of sociopolitical interaction in South Sudan

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This article explores the complexity of the spatial construction of ethnicity, identity, and sociopolitical interaction among South Sudanese ethnic groups. The article focuses on the interplay between social interaction and the construction of ethnic identity as they affect the notion of human interaction and welfare. The narratives are based on the political sociology of South Sudan after its independence from Sudan and challenges endured in the process of sociopolitical transformation towards the reconstruction of national identity and peaceful coexistence. This discourse gives meaning to visible and invisible ethno-cultural constructions that shaped the norms of social and political interactions among various ethnic groups in the country. The analysis concluded that South Sudan society is socially, politically, and culturally constructed along ethnicized communities with variant perceptions of group and regional identities based on both primordial ties and instrumentalists’ perceptions. These unique characteristics of spaces and construction of social structure has created multifaceted challenges in the process of social, economic and political reconstruction after the independent of South Sudan in July 2011.

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Issue: Volume 11, Issue 2, 2017

The geography of new business formation in the Czech Republic: a cross-section analysis (2003-2014)

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The intent of this paper is to provide empirical evidence of determinants on new business formation in the Czech Republic’s regions in the period 2003 to 2014. The results suggest that the regions with strong entrepreneurial culture, measured by a high proportion of entrepreneurs in the population, and with a strong presence of foreigners, had higher rates of new business formation. A positive inuence of agglomeration economies was observed, and the impact of unemployment was negative. However, the results were not consistent when more advanced legal business forms (especially limited liability and joint-stock companies) had been used in the dependent variable. In this case, human capital was the overriding factor determining regional differences in new business formation rates, while entrepreneurial culture and the presence of foreigners were not signicant. Finally, the importance of the industrial structure of regions was conrmed regardless of the dependent variable form.

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Issue: Volume 11, Issue 2, 2017

The relationship between students’ perceptions of the University of Pretoria’s on-campus green spaces and attention restoration

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Previous research has suggested that natural green areas provide several psychological benefits to individuals. One such benet is the restoration of attention capacities, an advantage that is of particular importance to university students. The present study, therefore, aimed to determine where students spend their free time on campus at the University of Pretoria, South Africa, how they perceive their on-campus green spaces and the extent to which they found these spaces restorative. Participants responded to a threepart questionnaire, investigating demographic characteristics, green space usage, and the Perceived Restorativeness Scale (PRS). Statistical analyses were conducted to determine which of the green spaces contributed most signicantly to overall PRS scores. All green areas made signicant contributions, but the campus’s botanical garden was the greatest contributor to PRS. The ndings of this study serve to encourage tertiary institutions to protect their green spaces, as the psychological well-being and attention restoration of students are affected by it.

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Issue: Volume 11, Issue 2, 2017

Recession, Recovery, Regeneration and Resilience: Newport and the creation of movement cultures

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This article aligns theories of city imaging and physical cultural studies to probe the city of Newport. This ‘new’ city shares many cultural and economic characteristics with the rest of Wales, but also reveals some signicant differences. We focus on and probe the movement policies and cultures in the city, understanding the relationship between bodies and economics, cities and health. Through this discussion, we weave analyses of resilience through the paper, recognising that regeneration focuses on constructing and renovating buildings. We investigate how regeneration and resilience disconnect, with particular consequences for health. Part of this challenge emerges because of the inability to align sport and event tourism with the promotion of walking programmes for residents. Regeneration and resilience disconnect once more. Creating movement cultures is difcult. The ambivalent success of Newport’s policies and initiatives offers both insights and warnings to other small cities.

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Issue: Volume 11, Issue 2, 2017