Author: Hojat Allah Sadeghi
, S.S. Seidaiy
and M.R. Rezvani
Aiming to explain the socio-economic effects of reservoir dams on the sustainable development of rural areas, this paper, as a case study on Iran focuses on Karun 3 Dam, the largest arch dam of the Middle East. 350 rural household were studied through survey data collection. The households settled in 38 villages where questionnaires were distributed accordingly. The results showed that the dam has been effective in improving agriculture and boosting local economic indices, but has not affected on tourism, industrial development and employment. Also, it seems that the indices of quality of life, welfare and social capital correlate with inefcient dam performance in rural sustainable economic development. Evaluation of the effective social and economic variables of the dam in relation to the sustainable development of rural settlements shows that there is a duality in management based sustainable development that has prevented the positive effects of the dam on villages.
Author: Juan Cervantes
This paper examines the interactions between issues such as ideology, neoliberalism, institution-building and sustainable development. The central focus of the paper is to demonstrate that the neoliberalism hasn’t succeeded just because it is an economic strategy which better serves the interests of the capitalist class (though it must be stressed that this fact has obviously contributed) but mainly because it has been promoted as an attractive economic strategy by respected, well organized and transnationalized institutions all around the globe, and understand the reasons behind this institutional support. After reviewing the interrelationships between the Bretton-Woods institutions and their relationship with the concepts of neoliberalism and sustainable development, the paper concludes claiming that the so-called neoliberal ideology operates behind the discourses of growth, progress and sustainability and that it is in charge of softening domination by diffusing legitimating ideas and granting concessions to subordinate forces, thus implying significations and values that transcend the possible manipulation of the world as an object.
Author: Melinda Cândea
and Elena Bogan
Full text .pdf Petroşani Depression, situated in Romanian Southern Carpathians, is confronted today with varied problems of economic and social nature, due in special to activity’s cessation at some mining objectives from the area, which led to the decline on…
Author: Daniela Dumbraveanu
Full text .pdf This article is developing a theoretical introduction and presentation of concepts, principles and development strategies in sustainable tourism. A detailed presentation of all the theoretical concepts concerning sustainable development and its tourism dimension is included further focusing…
Author: Elena Matei
Full text .pdf There is much confusion about ecotourism. For many people it seems to be agro-tourism, rural tourism etc. The study tries to point again what does it meant and how sustainable and useful can be for this area.…