Virtual space utilization in the Digital SMEs Kampongs: implementation of Smart City and Region

Author: , and
Key words: , ,
Issue: Volume 12, Issue 1, 2018


Efforts to integrate the use of ICT in various aspects of urban and regional development is the embodiment of the implementation of the smart city and region. One of the efforts is by developing a smart economy and smart business through Digital Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) Kampongs. This research is aimed at; 1) identifying the existence of Digital SMEs Kampongs, 2) identifying the Digital SMEs Kampongs’ activities, 3) analysing the implications of the use of virtual space on the Digital SMEs Kampongs’ activities. The primary data have been conducted through observation and in-depth interview. The results show that the existence of the Digital SMEs Kampongs can increase the use of virtual space, make the smart economy and smart business opportunities, improve the ability of community in running businesses and develop advanced SMEs. It has contributed to the achievement of smart city and region.

Full text

Permalink (doi)

Authors Affiliations

Rini Rachmawati*, Sinthia Alfianita Hapsari, Anggun Mutiara Cita
Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
* Corresponding author. Email:


Albino, V., Umberto, B. and Rosa, M.D. (2015), “Smart Cities: Definitions, Dimensions, Performance, and Initiatives”, Journal of Urban Technology, vol. 22, no. 1, p. 3-21.
Bakici, T., Almirall, E., and Wareham, J. (2013), “A Smart City Initiative: The Case of Barcelona”, Journal of the Knowledge Economy, vol. 4, no. 2, p. 135-148.
Bifulco, F., Tregue, M., Amitrano, C.C., and D’Auria, A. (2016), “ICT and Sustainability in Smart Cities Management”, International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol. 29, no. 2, p. 132-147.
Caragliu, C. Del Bo, and Nijkamp, P. (2011), “Smart cities in Europe”, Journal of Urban Technology, vol.18, no. 2, p. 65-82.
Chourabi, H., Nam, T., Walker, S., Gil-Garcia, J.R., Mellouli, S., Nahon, K., Pardo, A.T. and Scholl, H.J. (2012), “Understanding Smart Cities: An Integrative Framework”, 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, p. 2289–2297.
Giffinger, R., Fertner, C., Kramar, H., Kalasek, R., Pichler-Milanovic, N. and Meijers, E. (2007), “Smart Cities-Ranking of European Medium Sized Cities”, Vienna University of Technology.
Goodall, B. (1987), Dictionary of Human Geography, London: Penguin Group.
Husban, S. and Purnendu, M. (1999), “A Conceptual Model for Quality Integrated Management in Small and Medium Size Enterprise”, International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, vol. 16, no. 7, p. 699-713.
Jauhari, J. (2010), “Upaya Pengembangan Usaha Kecil dan Menengah (UKM) dengan Memanfaatkan E-Commerce”, Jurnal Sistem Informasi, vol. 2, no. 1, p. 159-168.
Kartiwi, M. and MacGregor, R.C. (2007), “Electronic Commerce Adoption Barriers in Small to Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) in Developed and Developing Countries: A Cross-Country Comparison”, Journal of Electronic Commerce in Organizations, vol. 5, no. 3, p. 35-51.
PT Telkom Indonesia, (2016), Kampung UKM Digital, 21 March 2016, (
Mahemba, C.M. and De Bruijn, E.J. (2003), “Innovation Management Practices of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Tanzania”, Creativity and Innovation Management, vol. 12, no. 3, p. 162-173, Oxford and London: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Nallari, R., Griffith, B. and Yusuf, S. (2012), Geography of Growth: Spatial Economics and Competitiveness, World Bank Publications, The World Bank, no. 6020.
Rachmawati, R. (2011), “Perubahan Pola Spasial Pergerakan Penduduk dan Lokasi Pelayanan Ekoomi yang Tersubsitusi oleh Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi (Studi Kasus: Perkotaan Yogyakarta)”, Disertasi, Universitas Gadjah Mada.
Rachmawati, R. and Rijanta, R. (2012), “Population Mobility and Urban Spatial Structure: Does the Use of Information and Communication Technology Matter?”, Regional View, Japan, no. 25, p. 9-19.
Rachmawati, R. (2014), Pengembangan Perkotaan dalam Era Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi, Yogyakarta, UGM Press.
Rachmawati, R., Rijanta, R. and Djunaedy, A. (2015), “Location Decentralization Due to The Use of Information and Communication Technology: Empirical Evidence from Yogyakarta, Indonesia”, Human Geographies – Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography, vol. 9. no. 1.
Rachmawati, R. (2016), “Urbanization in The Era of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)”, Proceeding Asian Urbanisation Conference, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Badan Penerbit Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada.
Sholekan, (2009), E-commerce,Bandung, Telkom PDC.
Supardi, J. and Dores, V. (2009), “Rancang bangun Collaborative System Pemasaran Hotel secara On-line dengan Pendekatan Mediator Based”, Jurnal Sistem Informasi, vol. 1, no. 2, p.55-61.
Tambunan, T. (2005), “Promoting Small and Medium Enterprises With a Clustering Approach: A Policy Experience from Indonesia”, Journal of Small Business Management, vol. 43, no. 2, p. 138-154.
Zygiaris, S. (2013), “Smart City Reference Model: Assisting Planners to Conceptualize the Building of Smart City Innovation Ecosystems”, Journal of the Knowledge Economy, vol. 4, p. 217–231.

This post has already been read 658 times!