Territorial dynamics of tourism in Romania: a long-term perspective (1990 – 2016)

Author: , , , and
Key words: , , , ,
Issue: Volume 13, Issue 1, 2019

Abstract


Tourism has gradually become one of the major interests of the European Union, as its potential for promoting a balanced development of the regions became more and more acknowledged. In Romania, the growth of tourism after 2000 and, in particular, the preference towards rural tourism in that period, set a fertile background for the European policies regarding tourism. The aim of the study is to analyse territorial dynamics of tourism in Romania, focusing on the evolution particularities of different types of territories according to their economic status, but also according to their specific type of tourism. The results of the study provide a detailed image of the spatial evolution of Romanian tourism and highlight that the tendencies of tourism dispersion appear to be insufficient for preventing a clustered pattern. The results of the study can have high relevance for properly directing investments in tourism and creating differentiated policies depending on a territory’s particularities.

Full text


Permalink (doi)



Authors Affiliations


Alexandra Cehan*, Corneliu Iațu, Mihail Eva, Bogdan Ibănescu, Mihai Bulai
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iași, Romania
* Corresponding author.
Email: cehan.alexandra@gmail.com

References


Andraz, J.M., Norte, N.M. and Goncalves, H.S. (2015), “Effects of tourism on regional asymmetries: Empirical evidence for Portugal”, Tourism Management, vol. 50, p. 257-267.
Anselin, L. (1998), “Interactive techniques and exploratory spatial data analysis” in P.A. Longley, M.F. Goodchild, D.J. Maguire and D.W. Wind (eds) Geographical information systems: principles, techniques, management and applications, Wiley, New York.
Benedek, J. and Török, I. (2014), “County-level demographic disparities in Romania”, Transylvanian Review, vol. 23, no. 2, p. 138-147.
Boujrouf, S., Bruston, M., Duhamel, P., Knafou, R. and Sacareau, I. (1998), “Les conditions de la mise en tourisme de la haute montagne et ses effets sur le territoire. L’apport d’une comparaison entre le Haut-Atlas et le Népal mise en perspective à l’aide du précédent alpin (exemple du massif du Mont-Blanc)”, Revue de géographie alpine, vol. 86, no.1, p.67-82.
Bulai, M. and Eva, M. (2016), “Relationship between spatial accessibility and tourism demand” in F. Uslu (ed.) Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Education, Social Sciences and Humanities, SOCIOINT 2016, 23-25 May 2016, Istanbul, Turkey, Ocerint Publishing, p. 434-442
Candrea, B., Candrea, P. and Niță, M.D. (2008), “Harta unităților de relief din România”, viewed 24 December 2015, https://urlzs.com/TU4EH.
Constantin, D.-L. and Reveiu, A. (2018), “A Spatial Analysis of Tourism Infrastructure in Romania: Spotlight on Accommodation and Food Service Companies”, REGION, vol. 5, no. 1, p. 1-16.
Cornelissen, S. (2005), “Tourism impact, distribution and development: The spatial structure of tourism in the Western Cape province of South Africa”, Development Southern Africa, vol. 22, no. 2, p. 163-185.
Chhetri, A., Chhetri, P., Arrowsmith, C. and Corcoran, J. (2013), “Modelling tourism and hospitality employment clusters: a spatial econometric approach”, Tourism Analysis, vol. 19, no. 3, p. 559-573.
Dumbrăveanu, D. (2001), “The Challenge of Privatization: the Tourist Accommodation Industry” in D. Light and D. Phinnemore (eds.) Transition in Post-Communist Romania. Coming to Terms with Transition, Palgrave Macmillan, New York.
European Commission (2010), Europa, destinația turistică favorită la nivel mondial – un nou cadru politic pentru turismul european, Bruxelles.
Ferreira, S.L. and Boshoff, A. (2014), “Post-2010 FIFA Soccer World Cup: oversupply and location of luxury hotel rooms in Cape Town”, Current Issues in Tourism, vol. 17, no. 2, p. 180-198.
Getis, A. (2007), “Reflections on spatial autocorrelation”, Regional Science and Urban Economics, vol. 37, no. 4, p. 491-496.
Goh, C., Li, H. and Li, M. (2014), “A Comparative Analysis of Domestic and International Tourism Spatial Distribution: Trends and Impacts”, Journal of China Tourism Research, vol. 10, no. 4, p. 388-413.
Groza, O. (1998), “Industrie, système économiques et territoires” in R. Violette (ed.) Les territoires centre-européens. Dilemmes et défis. L’Europe médiane en question, La Découverte & Syros, Paris.
Iațu, C. (2009), “Tendencies and Perspectives for Carpathian Health Tourism in Romania” M. in Ielenicz and E. Matei (eds.) Resorts of National Interest in the Romanian Carpathians, Editura Universitară, București.
Iațu, C. and Bulai, M. (2011), “New approach in evaluating tourism attractiveness in the region of Moldavia (Romania)”, International Journal of Energy and Environment, Vol. 5, no. 2, p.165-174.
Ibănescu, B. (2015), “Consequences of Peripheral Features on Tourists’ Motivation. The Case of Rural Destinations in Moldavia, Romania”, Journal of Settlements and Spatial Planning, vol. 6, no. 4, p.191-197.
Ibănescu, B.C., Eva, M. and Bulai, M. (2016), “Tourism development in rural areas of Romania: evolutionary trends and relation to spatial accessibility (1990-2014) ” in SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, Book 2, Vol. 3, 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016, 24-31 August 2016, Albena, Bulgaria. p. 1151-1158.
Ibănescu, B.C., Stoleriu, O., Munteanu, A. and Iațu, C. (2018), “The Impact of Tourism on Sustainable Development of Rural Areas: Evidence from Romania”, Sustainability, vol. 10, no. 10, 3529, p.1-19.
Ilieș, A., Ilieș, D.C., Tătar, C. and Ilieș, M. (2017), “Geography of Tourism in Romania” in K. Widawski and J. Wyrzykowski (eds.) The Geography of Tourism of Central and Eastern European Countries, 2nd edn., Springer International Publishing, Cham.
Iliev, D. (2018), “Regional inequalities and contemporary problems in regional tourism development: a case of Macedonia”, Anatolia – An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research, vol. 29, no.3, p. 368-378.
Istrate, M. and Horea-Șerban, R. (2016), “Economic Growth and Regional Inequality in Romania”, Analele Universităţii din Oradea, Seria Geografie, vol. 26, no. 2, p. 201-209.
Ivy, R.L. and Copp, C.B. (1999), “Tourism patterns and problems in East Central Europe”, Tourism Geographies: An International Journal of Tourism Space, Place and Environment, vol. 1, no. 4, p. 425-442.
Kang, S., Kim, J. and Nicholls, S. (2014), “National Tourism Policy and Spatial Patterns of Domestic Tourism in South Korea”, Journal of Travel Research, vol. 53, no. 6, p. 791-804.
Kurkó, I. (2010), “Disparități geodemografice și economice din România în perioada de tranziție”, Presa Universitară Clujeană, Cluj-Napoca.
Lau, P.-L. and Koo, T.T.R. (2016), “A multilevel Gini decomposition approach to measuring the geographic concentration of tourism”, Current Issues in Tourism, vol. 20, no. 8, p. 883-893.
Light, D. (2006), “Romania: national identity, tourism promotion and European integration” in D. Hall, M. Smith and B. Marciszweska (eds.) Tourism in the New Europe: The Challenges and Opportunities of EU Enlargement, CABI Publishing, Wallingford, p. 256-269.
Luo, H. and Yang, Y. (2013), “Spatial pattern of hotel distribution in China”, Tourism and Hospitality Research, vol.13, no. 1, p. 3-15.
Majewska, J. (2015), “Inter-regional agglomeration effects in tourism in Poland”, Tourism Geographies: An International Journal of Tourism Space, Place and Environment, vol. 17, no. 3, p. 408-436.
Muntele, I. (1998), Populația Moldovei în ultimele două secole, Editura Corson, Iași.
NSI (2018), Tables “TUR101C”, “TUR102C”, “TUR104E” and “TUR104F”, Tempo-Online Platform of the Institute of National Statistics Institute of Romania, viewed 27 December 2017, https://urlzs.com/T9KkA.
OECD (2018), The OECD Regional Database, viewed 1 July 2018, https://urlzs.com/qEaSv.
PATN (2008), National Spatial Plan of Romania – 6th section – Tourism Areas / Planul de amenajare a teritoriului national – secțiunea a VI-a – zone turistice, Approved by the Romanian Government by Emergency Ordinance no. 142/2008.
Popescu, G. (1994), “Dezvoltarea economică în profil teritorial a României, 1900-1985”, Sincron, Cluj-Napoca.
RPL (2002), Recensamantul Populatiei si Locuintelor din 2002, National Institute of Statistics, Bucharest.
Rădulescu, D.C. and Stănculescu, M.S. (2012), “Oferta turistică din România: 1948-2010”, Revista Calitatea Vieții, vol. 23, no. 4, p. 299-326.
Roberts, L. and Hall, D. (eds.) (2001), Rural tourism and recreation: Principles to practice, 1st edn., CABI Publishing, New York.
Rogerson, J. M. (2013), “The economic geography of South Africa’s hotel industry 1990–2010”, Urban Forum, vol. 24, no. 3, p. 425–446.
Romao, J. and Saito, H. (2017), “A spatial analysis on the determinants of tourism performance in Japanese Prefectures”, Asia-Pacific Journal of Regional Science, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 243-264.
Saarinen, J., Rogerson, C.M. and Hall, C.M. (2017), “Geographies of tourism development and planning”, Tourism Geographies, vol. 19, no. 3, p. 307-317.
Salvatore, R., Chiodo, E. and Fantini, A. (2018), “Tourism transition in peripheral rural areas: Theories, issues and strategies”, Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 68, p. 41-51.
Sandu, D. (2011), “Social disparities in the regional development and policies of Romania”, International Review of Social Research, vol. 1, no. 1, p.1-30.
Sarrion-Gavilan, M.D., Benitez-Marquez, M.D. and Mora-Rangel, E.O. (2015), “Spatial distribution of tourism supply in Andalusia”, Tourism Management Perspectives, vol. 15, p. 29-45.
Schirpke, U., Meisch, C., Marsoner, T. and Tappeiner, U. (2017), “Revealing spatial and temporal patterns of outdoor recreation in the European Alps and their surroundings”, Ecosystem Services, vol. 31, no. C, p. 336-350.
Stankov, U., Armenski, T., Klauco, M., Pavluković, V., Cimbaljević, M. and Drakulić-Kovačević, N. (2017), “Spatial autocorrelation analysis of tourist arrivals using municipal data: A Serbian example”, Geographica Pannonica, vol. 21, no. 2, p. 106-114.
Tosun, C., Timothy, J.D. and Ozturk, Y. (2003), “Tourism Growth, National Development and Regional Inequality in Turkey”, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, vol. 11, no. 2-3, p. 133-161.
Van Doren, C.S. and Gustke L. D. (1982), “Spatial analysis of the U.S. lodging industry, 1963–1977”, Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 9, no. 4, p. 543–563.
Ungureanu, C. (2005), “Știința de carte în teritoriile populate de români la începutul secolului XX”, Codrul Cosminului, no. 11, p. 75-101.
Yang, Y. and Wong, K. (2013), “Spatial Distribution of Tourist Flows to China`s Cities”, Tourism Geographies: An International Journal of Tourism Space, Place and Environment, vol. 14, no. 2, p. 338-363.
Zaman, G., Goschin, Z. and Vasile, V. (2013), “Evoluția dezechilibrelor teritoriale din România în contextul crizei economice”, Romanian Journal of Economics, Institute of National Economy, vol. 37, no. 2(46), p. 20-39.
Zhang, Y., Xu, J.-H. and Zhuang, P.J. (2011), “The Spatial Relationship of Tourist Distribution in Chinese Cities”, Tourism Geographies: An International Journal of Tourism Space, Place and Environment, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 75-90.

This post has already been read 23 times!