Central Connecticut State University, USA
* Correspondence address
Aiken, L.S. and West, S.G. (1991), Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions, Sage, Newbury Park.
Ainsworth, P. (2001), Offender Profiling and Crime Analysis, Willan Publishing, Cullompton.
Anselin, L. (1995), “Local indicators of spatial association – LISA”, Geographical Analysis, vol. 27, no. 2, p. 93-115.
Bernasco, W. and Luykx, F. (2003), “Effects of attractiveness, opportunity and accessibility to burglars on residential burglary rates of urban neighborhoods”, Criminology, vol. 41, no. 3, p. 981-1001.
Blau, J.R. and Blau, P.M. (1982), “The Cost of Inequality: Metropolitan Structure and Violent Crime”, American Sociological Review, vol. 47, no. 1, p. 114-129.
Brantingham, P.L. and Brantingham, P.J. (1984), Patterns in crime, Macmillan, New York.
Brunsdon, C., Fotheringham, A.S. and Charlton, M.E. (1996), “Geographically weighted regression: A method for exploring spatial nonstationarity”, Geographical Analysis, vol. 28, no. 4, p. 281-298.
Burgess, E.W. (1928), “Residential Segregation in American Cities”, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, vol. 140, no. 1, p. 105-115.
Cahill, M. and Mulligan, G. (2007), “Using geographically weighted regression to explore local crime patterns”, Social Science Computer Review, vol. 25, no. 2, p. 174-193.
Chamlin, M.B. and Cochran, J.K. (1997), “Social altruism and crime”, Criminology, vol. 35, no. 2, p. 203 – 228.
Clarke, R.V. and Felson, M. (1993), “Routine activity and rational choice” in R.V. Clarke and M. Felson (eds), Routine Activity and Rational Choice. Advances in Criminological Theory, Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick, NJ.
Cohen, L. and M. Felson, (1979), “Social change and crime rate trends: A routine activities approach”, American Sociological Review, vol. 44, no. 4, p. 505-524.
Environmental System Research Institute (ESRI) (2018), ArcGIS Desktop: Release 10.6.1, Redlands, CA.
Evans, D.J. (1989), “Geographical analyses of residential burglary” in D.J. Evans and D. Herbert (eds), The geography of crime, Routledge, New York, p. 86-107.
Evans, D.J. and Herbert, D.T. (2013), The Geography of Crime, Routledge London.
FBI (2017) Annual report crime in the United States, 6 October 2021, shorturl.at/oKY68.
Felson, M. and Cohen, L.E. (1980), “Human ecology and crime: A routine activity approach”, Human Ecology, vol. 8, no. 4, p. 389-406.
Fotheringham, A.S., Brunsdon, C. and Charlton, M. (2002), Geographically weighted regression: The analysis of spatially varying relationships, Wiley, Chichester.
Gibbs, J.P. and Erickson, M.L. (1976), “Crime Rates of American Cities in an Ecological Context”, American Journal of Sociology, vol. 82, no. 3, p. 605-620.
Graif, C., Gladfelter, A.S. and Matthews, S.A. (2014), “Urban Poverty and Neighborhood Effects on Crime: Incorporating Spatial and Network Perspectives”, Sociology Compass, vol. 8, no. 9, p. 1140-1155.
Green, D.P., Strolovitch, D.Z. and Wong, J.S. (1998), “Defended neighborhoods, integration, and racially motivated crime”, American Journal of Sociology, vol. 104, no. 2, p. 372-403.
Gonzales, A.R., Schofield, R.B. and Hart, S.V. (2005), Mapping crime: Understanding hot spots, 6 October 2021, shorturl.at/chxRV.
Hackler, J.C. (2000), Canadian Criminology, Prentice-Hall Canada, Scarborough Ontario.
Halonen, J.I., Vahtera, J., Oksanen, T., Pentti, J., Virtanen, M., Jokela, M., Diez-Roux, A.V. and Kivimäki, M. (2013), “Socioeconomic characteristics of residential areas and risk of death: is variation in spatial units for analysis a source of heterogeneity in observed associations?”, BMJ, vol. 3, no. 4, p. 1-9.
Hartnagel, T.F. (2004), “Correlates of criminal behaviour” in R. Linden (ed), Criminology: A Canadian perspective, Thomson-Nelson, Toronto, p. 120-163.
Herbert, D.T. and Hyde, S.W. (1985), “Environmental criminology: Testing some area hypotheses”, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, vol. 10, no. 3, p. 259-274.
Hipp, J.A. and Chalise, N. (2015), “Spatial analysis and correlates of county-level diabetes prevalence, 2009-2010”, Preventing Chronic Disease, vol. 12.
Hirst, M. (2003), Jurisdiction and the Ambit of the Criminal Law, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Jenks, D.A. and Fuller, J.R. (2017), Global Crime and Justice, Routledge, New York.
Kennedy, L.W. and Forde, D.R. (1990), “Routine activities and crime: An analysis of victimization in Canada”, Criminology, vol. 28, no. 1, p.137-151.
Kitchen, P. (2007), Exploring the Link between Crime and Socio-Economic Status in Ottawa and Saskatoon: A Small-Area Geographical Analysis, Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada, Ottawa.
Knox, P. (1995), Urban Social Geography, Logman Group Limited, Essex, England.
Koening, D.J. and Linden, R. (2004), “Conventional or “street” crime” in R. Linden (ed), Criminology: A Canadian perspective, Thomson-Nelson, Toronto, p. 408-443.
Kawachi, I., Kennedy, B.P. and Wilkinson, R.G. (1999), “Crime: social disorganization and relative deprivation”, Social Science & Medicine, vol. 48, no. 6, p. 719-731.
Lersch. K.M. (2007). Space, Time, and Crime, Carolina Academic Press, Durham, NC.
Leung, Y., Mei, C. and Zhuang, W. (2000), “Statistical tests for spatial nonstationarity based on thegeographically weighted regression model”, Environment and Planning A, vol. 32, no. 1, p.9-32.
Liska, A.E. and Bellair, P.E. (1995), “Violent-crime rates and racial composition: Convergence over time”, American Journal of Sociology, vol. 101, no. 3, p. 578-611.
Malczewski, J. and Poetz, A. (2005), “Residential burglaries and neighborhood socioeconomic context in London, Ontario: Global and Local Regression Analysis”, The Professional Geographer, vol. 57, no. 4, p. 516-529.
Mateu, J. (2010), “Comments on: A general science-based framework for dynamical spatio-temporal model”, Test, vol. 19, no. 3, p. 452-455.
Miethe, T.D. and McDowall, D. (1993), “Contextual Effects in Models of Criminal Victimization”, Social Forces, vol. 71, no. 3, p. 741-759.
Ringle, C.M., Wende, S. and Becker, J.M. (2015), Smartpls 3, Boenningstedt: Smartpls Gmbh.
Robinson, W.S. (1950), “Ecological correlations and the behavior of individuals”, American Sociological Review, vol. 15, no. 3, p. 351-357.
Sampson, R.J. and Wooldredge, J.D. (1987), “Linking the micro- and macro-level dimensions of lifestyle routine activity and opportunity models of predatory victimization”, Journal of Quantitative Criminology, vol. 3, no. 4, p. 371-393.
Sauter, M., Stebbins, S. and Comen, E. (2017), These are America’s worst cities for crime, employment, housing costs, 6 October 2021, shorturl.at/lnvH2.
Shannon, C.E. and Weaver, W. (1949), The mathematical theory of communication, The University of Illinois Press, Urbana.
Sharkey, P., Besbris, M. and Friedson, M. (2016), “Poverty and Crime” in D. Brady and L.M. Burton (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Poverty, Oxford University Press.
Shaw, C.R. and McKay, H.D. (1942), Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Sommeiller, E. and Price, M. (2018), The new gilded age Income inequality in the U.S. by state, metropolitan area, and county, 6 October 2021, shorturl.at/kpER2.
Stouffer, S.A., Suchman, E.A., Devinney, L.C., Star, S.A. and Williams, R.M. (1949), The American soldier: Adjustment during army life. (Studies in social psychology in World War II), Princeton University Press.
Tilley, N. (2009), Crime prevention, Willan, Cullompton, UK.
U.S. Census Bureau (2021), QuickFacts, 6 October 2021, shorturl.at/hrGS7.
Wang, L., Lee, G. and Williams, I. (2019), “The Spatial and Social Patterning of Property and Violent Crime in Toronto Neighbourhoods: A Spatial-Quantitative Approach”, International Journal of Geo-Information, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 1-18.
White, M.J. (1986), “Segregation and Diversity Measures in Population Distribution”, Population Index, vol. 52, no. 2, p. 198-221.
Wilcox, P., Land, K.C. and Hunt, S.A. (2003), Criminal Circumstance, Aldine dee Gruyter, New York.
Wiles, P. and Costello, A. (2000), The road to nowhere: The evidence for traveling criminals, Home Office, London.
Wright, R., Logie, R. and Decker, S. (1995), “Criminal expertise and offender decision-making: An experimental study of the target selection process in residential burglary”, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, vol. 32, no. 1, p. 39-53.
This post has already been read 4288 times!