Informal settlements and squatting in Romania: socio-spatial patterns and typologies

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Issue: Volume 7, Issue 2, 2013


The emergence of informal settlements in Romania is the result of a mix of factors, including some social and urban planning policies from the communist and post-communist period. Squatting was initially a secondary effect of the relocation process and demolition of housing in communist urban renewal projects, and also a voluntary social and housing policy for the poorest of the same period. Extension and multiple forms of informal settlements and squatting were performed in the post-communist era due to the inappropriate or absence of the legislative tools on urban planning, properties’ restitution and management, weak control of the construction sector. The study analyzes the characteristics and spatial typologies of the informal settlements and squatters in relationship with the political and social framework of these types of housing development. 

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Authors Affiliations

Bogdan Suditu(a)*, Daniel-Gabriel Vâlceanu(b)
(a) Faculty of Geography, University of Bucharest, Romania
(b) National Institute for Research and Development in Constructions, Urbanism and Sustainable Spatial Development URBAN-INCERC, Bucharest, Romania
*Corresponding author. Email:



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