Using the fractal perspective in the analysis of the urban peripheral fabric. Case study: Pantelimon, Ilfov county

Author:
Key words: , , , , ,
Issue: Volume 8, Issue 1, 2014

Abstract


This article approaches the matter of analysing the urban peripheral fabric from a fractal perspective. The urban peripheral morphology, through its generally discontinuous character, raises great questions signs upon the fairness of using the classical instruments of analysis, especially in what concerns the usage of density gradients. The purpose of this scientific undergoing is that of bringing into spotlight the usage of the Fractalyse program, as a better-adapted tool to the fieldwork, since the accent is set on the elements distribution in space and on the distances between them. We, thus, reach to a multiscalar approach of the urban fabric, from the town scale to the neighborhood scale and that of the building itself, for a more pertinent analysis over the alternation between constructed spaces and empty parcels. In order to represent this undergoing, three types of fractal analysis will be studied (dilation, radial and space correlation analysis) to achieve a comparative approach of the urban fabric evolution in Pantelimon, which is situated nearby the Capital city and has been, over the last two decades, deeply marked by the urban sprawl phenomenon.

Full text


Permalink (doi)



Authors Affiliations


Lilian Cîrnu (a,b)*
(a) Faculty of Geography, University of Bucharest, Romania
(b) PAVE Laboratory, Superior National of Architecture and Landscape of Bordeaux, France
* Corresponding author. Email: cirnu_lilian@yahoo.fr

References

Badariotti, D 2006, ‘Des fractales pour l’urbanisme? Quelques pistes de réflexion à partir de l’exemple de Strasbourg-Kehl’, Cahiers de géographie du Québec, vol. 49, no. 137, pp. 133-156.
http://dx.doi.org/10.7202/012297ar

Boulanger, PP 2006, ‘Le chaos de la traduction et la traduction du chaos’, META, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 119-130.
http://dx.doi.org/10.7202/012997ar

Cirnu, L 2013, ‘Dynamics of residential buildings in the Bucharest Metropolitain Area. An alternative to the inner city’ Les travaux du Séminaire International “Dimitrie Cantemir”, no.35, Université “Alexandru Ioan Cuza”(ed.), Iasi, Roumania, pp.85-93.

Cirnu, L 2013, ‘The fractal urban fabric. Emptiness as a urban planning item’, Geopolitics, History, and International Relations, vol. 5, no. 1, New York, USA.

Couch, C et al. 2007, Urban sprawl in Europe: landscapes, land-use change & policy, Oxford, Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470692066

Frankhauser, P & Genre-Grandpierre, C 1998, ‘La geometrie fractale – un nouvel outil pour evaluer le role de la morphologie des reseaux de transport public dans l’organisation spatiale des agglomerations’, les Cahiers Scientifiques du Transport, vol. 33, pp. 41-78.

Frankhauser, P 1994, La fractalité des structures urbaines, Paris, Anthropos.

Frankhauser, P 1998, ‘La formalisation fractale des tissus urbains’, Cahiers de géographie du Québec, vol. 42, no. 117, pp. 379-398.
http://dx.doi.org/10.7202/022764ar

Frankhauser, P 2000, Rapport de recherche -Morphologie des “Villes Émergentes” en Europe à travers les analyses fractales, Besançon, pp. 242.

Frankhauser, P 2005, ‘La morphologie des tissus urbains et périurbains à travers une lecture fractale’, Revue Géographique de l’Est, vol. 5, no. 3-4, pp. 145-160.

Keersmaecker, MLD et al. 2004, ‘Dimensions fractales et réalités périurbaines.L’exemple du Sud de Bruxelles’, L’Espace géographique, vol. 3, pp. 219-240.

Mandelbrot, B. B. (1983). The fractal geometry of nature. New York, W.H. Freeman.

Suditu, B & Cirnu. L 2014, ‘Changement de paradigme sur le choix résidentiel dans le périurbain Bucarestois. De la ville communiste à la ville postfordiste’, Les Cahiers de démographie locale 2013 (to be published in 2014), Seminar für Soziologie der Universität Basel.

Tannier, C 2009, ‘Formes de villes optimales, formes de villes durables. Réflexions à partir de l’étude de la ville fractale’, Espaces et societies, vol. 3, no. 138, pp. 153-172.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3917/esp.138.0153

This post has already been read 3343 times!

About journal

Title: Human Geographies - Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography
ISSN online: 2067-2284
ISSN print: 1843-6587
Imprint: University of Bucharest
Frequency: Biannual (May&November)
First volume: 1/2007
Current volume: 14/2020
Language: English
Indexed in: SCOPUS, ERIH PLUS, EBSCO (SocINDEX), ProQuest (Social Science Journals, SciTech Journals, Natural Science Journals), Index Copernicus, National Technical Information Service (NTiS), Bodleian Libraries, ExLibris SFX, DOAJ, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Library, Google Scholar, Ulrich
Creative Commons License


EDITORS


Prof. dr. Liliana Dumitrache
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Geography- Human and Economic Geography Department, 1 Nicolae Balcescu Av., 010041, Bucharest, Romania

Dr. Daniela Dumbrăveanu
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Geography- Human and Economic Geography Department, 1 Nicolae Balcescu Av., 010041, Bucharest, Romania

Dr. Mariana Nae
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Geography- Human and Economic Geography Department, 1 Nicolae Balcescu Av., 010041, Bucharest, Romania

Dr. Gabriel Simion
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Geography- Human and Economic Geography Department, 1 Nicolae Balcescu Av., 010041, Bucharest, Romania

SCImago Journal & Country Rank