Gates represent an important component of the Romanian domestic life since historical times. They function as a barrier between the sacred family space from inside the household and the space and potential dangers from outside it. Traditional wooden gates have been inscribed with specific elements, thus functioning simultaneously as a household utility and conserving a common identity through their symbolism. Szekely gates represent a lesser-known and studied element of ethnocultural heritage, although the area where they are located has been in the last few years and will probably continue to be a very dynamic and sought after tourism destination. The wooden Székely gates, found in areas inhabited by this ethnic minority, represent a true accumulation of both Romanian and Székely rituals and symbols. The aim of the study is to highlight the importance of the gates for the traditional ethnographic heritage of this ethnic minority with real implications for the development of local cultural and heritage tourism. The objectives of the study consist in identifying the main areas of distribution for Székely gates in Transylvania, the significance of their main symbols and the level of their current national and international promotion. The research methodology included direct observations, GIS techniques, and field investigations. The results of this exploratory study show the location of the traditional Székely gates and their diversity, and the coexistence of a Romanian symbolism with one that is exclusively local through specific motifs and colours. This diversity and coexistence of symbols gives the possibility of inserting Székely gates as added cultural values into an already visible and viable tourism area.
Mihaela Preda*, Ana Irina Lequeux-Dincă, Iuliana Vijulie, Alina Mareci, Ana-Maria Taloş, Anca Tudoricu
University of Bucharest, Romania
* Corresponding author. Email: email@example.com
André, M. (2011), Tourism and identity, Brussels: Centre Maurits Coppieters, 15 December 2017, (https://goo.gl/oTm1Rf).
Azmi, E. and Ismail, M.Z. (2016), “Cultural Heritage Tourism: Kapitan Keling mosque as a focal point & symbolic identity for Indian muslim in Penang”, Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, Jakarta: Annual Serial Landmark International Conferences on Quality of Life ASEAN-Turkey.
Ballesteros, E.R. and Ramírez, M.H. (2006), “Identity and community—Reflections on the development of mining heritage tourism in Southern Spain”, Tourism Management, vol. 28, no. 3, p. 677-687.
Blismas, N.G. and Dainty, A.R.J. (2003), “Computer-aided qualitative data analysis: Panacea or paradox?”, Building research & information, vol. 31, no. 6, p. 455-463.
Bucata, R. (2017), “Porțile secuiești și meșterul care le știe secretele”, Think outside the box – jurnalism independent, 1 February 2018, (https://goo.gl/2X2DXS).
Cohen, A.P (1975), The management of myths: the politics of legitimation in a Newfoundland community, Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Cohen, A.P (1993), “Culture as identity: an anthropologist’s view, New Literary History”, Culture and Everyday Life, vol. 24, no. 1, pp.195-209.
Comşa, N. (2013), “Traditional wooden gates in the Szekler land”, ProLigno, vol. 9, no. 3, p. 42-50.
Dessein, J., Soini, K., Fairclough, G. and Horlings, L. (eds) (2015), “Culture in, for and as Sustainable Development”, Conclusions from the COST Action IS1007 Investigating Cultural Sustainability, Finland: University of Jyväskylä.
Dumbrăveanu, D., Crăciun, A. and Tudoricu, A. (2016), “Principles of interpretation, tourism and heritage interpretation – the experience of Romanian museums”, Human Geographies – Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 59-75.
Ilieş, A., Ilieş, D.C., Wendt, J.A. and Herman, V.A. (2011), “The Romanian rural architectural heritage from Maramureş Land–Personality, distinctiveness and protection”, Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai – Geographia, no. 2, p. 187-196.
Jones, M.L. (2007), “Using software to analyse qualitative data”, Malaysian Journal of Qualitative Research, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 64-76.
Lica, D. and Coşereanu, C. (2010), Civilizaţia lemnului la Români, Braşov: Editura Universităţii ‘Transilvania’.
Lungu, S. (2015), “Cele mai frumoase obiective turistice din Ţinutul Secuiesc. Lacul Sfânta Ana şi Poiana Zânelor, adevărate minuni ale naturii”, Adevărul, 15 December 2017, (https://goo.gl/ZqKeUv).
Lussetyowati, T. (2015), “Preservation and Conservation through Cultural Heritage Tourism. Case Study: Musi Riverside Palembang”, Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, Bandung, Indonesia: 5th Arte Polis International Conference and Workshop – Reflections on Creativity: Public Engagement and The Making of Place, p. 401 – 406.
Madut, K.K. (2017), “Spatiality of ethnic identity and construction of sociopolitical interaction in South Sudan”, Human Geographies – Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography, vol. 11, no. 2, p. 181-195.
Markus, H. And Kunda, Z. (1986), “Stability and malleability of the self concept”, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 51, no. 4, p. 858–866.
Matei, E. (2011), “The ecotourism’s development in the Romanian Carpathians’ protected areas: facts, figures and needs”, Human Geographies – Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography, vol. 5, no. 2, p. 31-39.
NA (2007), “Covasna – staţiune balneoclimaterică de interes naţional – Atracţiile turistice ȋn zona Covasnei, Clermonthotel, 11 January 2018, (https://goo.gl/3dy9f8).
NA (2013), “Obiective turistice în Covasna şi împrejurimi”, Itour.ro, 11 January 2018, (https://goo.gl/pwCQei).
NA (2015), “10 cele mai frumoase locuri din judeţul Covasna”, BunaDimineata.ro, 11 January 2018, (https://goo.gl/ubEhkg).
NA (2015), “10 cele mai frumoase locuri din judeţul Mureş”, BunaDimineata.ro, 11 January 2018, (https://goo.gl/Usvo3E).
NA (2015), “Ce să vizităm ȋn Covasna ȋntr-un weekend?”, HotelGuru.ro, 11 January 2018, (https://goo.gl/6znYHm).
NA (2016), “10 cele mai frumoase locuri din judeţul Harghita”, BunaDimineata.ro, 11 January 2018, (https://goo.gl/RT6of6).
NA (2016), “12 lucruri de făcut şi văzut în judeţul Covasna”, tuktuk.ro, 11 January 2018, (https://goo.gl/GSh1ex).
NA (2017), “10 motive pentru a vizita Ţinutul Secuiesc”, infoturism.ro, 15 December 2017, (https://goo.gl/gQoQYb).
NA (2017), “Atracții şi obiective turistice din judeţul Covasna – Descoperă România și vezi aici lista cu locuri, atracții și obiective turistice din județul Covasna”, EuRomânia, 11 January 2018, (https://goo.gl/H7vY5b).
NA (2017), “Atracții și obiective turistice din judeţul Harghita – Descoperă România și vezi aici lista cu locuri, atracții și obiective turistice din judeţul Harghita”, EuRomânia, 11 January 2018, (https://goo.gl/pDSEiV).
NA (2017), “Ghid turistic Ţinutul Secuiesc”, Infotour, 15 December 2017, (https://goo.gl/D9W1fZ).
NA (2017), Grupuri de lucru, Consiliul Judetean Harghita, 11 January 2018, (https://goo.gl/voVZxP).
NA (2017), “Harghita – ce putem vizita într-un weekend?”, HotelGuru.ro, 11 January 2018, (https://goo.gl/hnwys3).
NA (2017), “Mureş – Transilvania e timpul să veniţi”, Asociaţia Judeţeană de turism Mureş, 11 January 2018, (https://goo.gl/zFiALJ).
NA (2017), “Obiective turistice ȋn Covasna”, DirectBooking, 11 January 2018, (https://goo.gl/62m3Wo).
NA (2017), “Vacanţe în Covasna: simple, autentice, relaxante, tradiţionale!”, AmosNews, 15 december 2017, (https://goo.gl/Xe4UQu).
NA (2017), “Valorile tradiţionale ale Ţinutului Secuiesc promovate la Romexpo”, AmosNews, 15 december 2017, (https://goo.gl/YaFMTG).
NA (2018), “Destinaţii turistice care merită vizitate pe parcursul unui drum prin Ardeal şi Secuime”, ozonturist.ro, 1 February 2018, (https://goo.gl/z8Qcb6).
NA (2018), “Obiective turistice din judeţul Mureş”, Darina – hotels & stores, 1 February 2018, (https://goo.gl/mhBSSE).
NA (2018), “Oportunităţile turistice din judeţul Harghita”, harghita.ro, 1 February 2018, (https://goo.gl/Pe7NHL).
NA (2018), “Turism”, JudeţulHarghita.ro, 1 February 2018(https://goo.gl/ZeQNUF).
NA (2018), “Vizitează”, visitharghita.ro, 11 January 2018, (https://goo.gl/uVXdgj).
NA (2018), “Cazare în Transilvania, Ţinutul Secuiesc, Secuime: Harghita, Covasna, Mureş”, Cazare în Secuime – Transilvania, 11 January 2018, (https://goo.gl/udFv14).
OECD (2009), The impact of Culture on Tourism, Paris: OECD Publishing.
Overholser, L. (2010), “Ferenc Keresztesi: Traditional Hungarian Wood-Carving, Voices”, The Journal of New York Folklore, vol. 36, no. 3/4, p. 26-29.
Pop, V., Pop, C. and Pop, M. (2013), “Features of sustainable rural development in Maramureş”, Lucrări ştiinţifice, series I, vol. 15, no. 1, p. 266-273.
Popa-Lisseanu, G. (2003), Originea secuilor şi secuizarea românilor, Bucureşti: România Pur şi Simplu.
Poria, Y. and Ashworth, G. (2009), “Heritage Tourism – Current Resource for Conflict”, Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 36, no. 3, p. 522–525.
Poria, Y., Butler, R. and Airey, D. (2003), “The core of heritage tourism”, Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 30, no. 1, p. 238–254.
Portase, O. (2016), “Ţinutul Secuiesc, locul de care te indrăgosteşti iremediabil”, jurnalul.ro, 11 January 2018, (https://goo.gl/wnkpSH).
Silva, L. and Leal, J. (2015), “Rural tourism and national identity building in contemporary Europe: Evidence from Portugal”, Journal of Rural Studies, no. 38, p. 109-119.
Ştefan, G. (2014), “DESTINAŢIE: ROMÂNIA/Satu Mare (Harghita), localitatea porţilor secuieşti cunoscute în întreaga Europă, AGERPRES, 1 February 2018, (https://goo.gl/FYN6Cu).
Suciu, S. (2017), “Top cinci obiective turistice în Harghita. De la singurul lac vulcanic din România la peştera din care picură aur”, Adevărul, 1 February 2018, (https://goo.gl/i3geui).
Tajfel, H. (1981), Human Groups and Social Categories: Studies in Social Psychology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Traveler, A. (2015), “50 de obiective de văzut în Ţinutul Secuiesc”, Enciclopedia călătorului independent, 1 February 2018, (https://goo.gl/892em4).
Webster, C. (1994), “Effects of ethnic identification on marital roles in the purchase decision process”, Journal of Consumer Research, vol. 21, p. 319–331.
Yang, J., Ryan, C. and Zhang, L. (2013), “Ethnic minority tourism in China e Han perspectives of Tuva figures in a landscape”, Tourism Management, vol. 36, p. 45-56.
Yang, L. (2011), “Ethnic tourism and cultural representation”, Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 38, no. 2, p. 561–585.
This post has already been read 104 times!