Criteria for Romanian geniuses’ selection as source for a new heritage tourism product

Author: , and
Key words: , , , , ,
Issue: Volume 16, Issue 2, 2022

Abstract


Cultural heritage constantly evolves, contributes fundamentally to human development, and increases collective life’s quality. Cultural assets are considered a treasure that must be protected accordingly and passed on to future generations. Among tourism resources, material and immaterial assets belonging to famous people are essential for this industry and for promoting Romanian cultural values. In this framework, the purpose of the study is to identify criteria for selecting Romanian personalities of genius whose valuable works and achievements may augment the country’s cultural tourist heritage. The research method is based on the survey, which targeted the Romanian Academy members (RAMs) and the resident population (RP). Data analysis has been performed through qualitative-quantitative methods. The results show that identified definitions, criteria and nominalizations of Romanian genius personalities by the two groups of respondents have many similarities. For a specific tourism product built on the core of the Romanian personalities of genius, the study reveals four clusters: highly recognized people; averagely known people of genius, which includes contemporaries; remarkable people with landmarks developed in the last two centuries; and another, internationally visible, and known by specialists in a domain. These identified personalities may be reconsidered to expand the cultural heritage for tourism strategy, to develop a tourist package dedicated to the Romanian geniuses based on the capitalization of their achievements.

Full text


Permalink (doi)



Authors Affiliations


Daniela Nicolaie (1), Elena Matei* (1) , Gabriela Manea (1)

(1) University of Bucharest, Romania
* Corresponding author
Email: elena.matei@g.unibuc.ro

References


Binet, A. (1916), “New methods for the diagnosis of the intellectual level of subnormals” in A. Binet, T. Simon and E.S. Kite (Trans.) The development of intelligence in children (The Binet-Simon Scale), p. 37-90, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore.
Butuc, P. (2011), File de istorie modernă și contemporană, personalități emblematice ale istoriei și culturii românești, Studis Publishing House, Iași.
Celac, V. (2005), Comediile lui Plaut, Fundația Națională pentru Știință și Artă, Bucharest.
Clarke, S. (2008), “Culture and Identity”, The SAGE Handbook of Cultural Analysis, p. 510-629.
Cox, C.-M. (1926), The early mental traits of three hundred geniuses, Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, viewed 10 May 2022, https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.157060/page/n11/mode/2up.
Creswell, J.W. and Creswell, J.D. (2018), Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches”, 5th edition, SAGE, Los Angeles.
Creswell, J.W. and Poth, C.N. (2018), Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches, 4th Edition, SAGE Publications Inc., Thousand Oaks.
Dean, A., Morgan, D. and Tan, T. (2002), “Service Quality and Customers’ Willingness to Pay More for Travel Services”, Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, vol. 12, no. 2-3, p. 95-110.
Docsănescu, N. (2000), Geniul şi Nebunia, Universal Dalsi Publishing House, Bucharest.
Earl, B. (2008), “Literary Tourism: Constructions of value, celebrity and distinction”, International Journal of Cultural Studies, vol. 11, no. 4, p. 401-417.
Enescu, Gh. (1976), Teoria sistemelor logice, Știintifică și Enciclopedică Publishing House, Bucharest.
Flick, U. (1998), An Introduction to Qualitative Research, SAGE Publications, London.
Galton, F. (1998), Hereditary Genius (1869) (Classics in Psychology, 1855-1914), Thoemmes Continuum.
Gardner, H. (1982), “Giftedness: Speculations from a biological perspective”, New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, vol. September, no. 17, p. 47-60.
Gardner, H. (1983), Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences, Basic Books Inc., New York.
Gardner, H.E. (2000), Intelligence reframed: Multiple intelligences for the 21st century, Hachette, UK.
Heller, K.A. (1991), “The nature and development of giftedness: A longitudinal study”, European Journal of High Ability, vol. 2, no. 2, p. 174-188.
Hospers, G.J. (2002), “Industrial Heritage Tourism and Regional Restructuring in the European Union”, European Planning Studies, vol. 10, no. 3, p. 397–404.
Jensen, A.R. (1999), “The g Factor: the Science of Mental Ability”, Psicothema, vol. 11, no. 2, p. 445-446.
Johnson, S. (1755), A Dictionary of the English Language, 2nd vol., J. and P. Knapton Publisher, London,
Kant, I. (2009/1781/1787), Critique of Pure Reason (P. Guyer and A.W. Wood, trans.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Kaukab, S.R. and Zubia, S.A. (2015), “A Literature Review on the Definition and Measurement of the Concept of Genius”, International Journal of Research – Granthaalayah, vol. 3, no. 11, p. 21-31.
Kelemen, G. (2014), Psihopedagogia supradotării: strategii de identificare și educare a copiilor Supradotați, 2nd edition, Pro Universitaria Publishing House, Bucharest.
Kulpiński, J., Prukop, B., Rut, P., Rejman, A., Świder, P. and Cynarski, W.J. (2022), “Defensive Strongholds and Fortified Castles in Poland—From the Art of Fortifications to Tourist Attractions”, Sustainability, vol. 14, no. 6, p. 3209.
Law no. 363 (2018) on Provisions Regarding the Processing of Personal Data by Competent Authorities for the Prevention, Detection, Investigation, Prosecution, and Control of Criminal Offences or the Execution of Sanctions, Education, and Measures, The Official Gazette of Romania, no. 13, 7 January, 2019.
Lessing, G.E. (1996), Educarea speciei umane, Al. Șahighian (ed), Paidea Pulishing House, Bucharest.
Light, D. (2000), “Gazing on Communism: Heritage tourism and post-communist identities in Germany, Hungry and Romania”, An International Journal of Tourism Space, Place and Environment, vol. 2, no. 2.
Light, D. (2007), “Dracula Tourism in Romania, Cultural Identity and the State”, Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 34, no. 3, p. 746-765.
Lombroso, C. (1895), “The Man of Genius” in E. Havelock (ed)The Contemporary Science Series, Cornell University Library.
Matei, E. and Nicolaie, D. (2014), “Cultural heritage of the Romanian historical cities and the perspectives of sustainable tourism development in the early 21st century” in R. Faracik and K. Widawski (eds) Enhancing competitiveness of V4 historic cities to develop tourism. Aspects of cultural heritage, Kiadta a DIDAKT Kft., Debrecen, p. 125-139.
Morse, J.M. (2000), “Determining sample size”, Qualitative Health Research, vol. 10, p. 3–5
Mureșan, I.C., Harun, R., Arion, F.H., Fatah, A.O. and Dumitraș, D.E. (2021), “Exploring Residents’ Perceptions of the Socio-Cultural Benefits of Tourism Development in the Mountain Area”, Societies, vol. 11, no. 3, p. 83.
Nicolaie, D. (2015), “Sustainable Tourism Destinations: Cultural Sites Generated by Romanian Geniuses as a Potential Resource for Cultural Tourism”, Journal of Environmental and Tourism Analysis, vol. 3, no. 1, p. 92-105.
Owens, T. (2012), “Tripadvisor rates Einstein: Using the social web to unpack the public meanings of a cultural heritage site”, International Journal of Web Based Communities, vol. 8, p. 40-56.
Popescu, I.M. (1987), Personalități ale culturii românești, Eminescu Publishing House, Iași.
Radnev, M. (2001), 20 Personalități românești în secolul XX, Dalsi Universal Publishing House.
Rasoolimanesh, S.M., Seyfi, S., Hall, C.M. and Hatamifar, P. (2021), “Understanding memorable tourism experiences and behavioural intentions of heritage tourists”, Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, vol. 21, p. 100621.
Richards, G. (2018), “Cultural tourism: A review of recent research and trends”, Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, vol. 36, p. 12-21.
Scârneci, F. (2007), Îndrumar de cercetare calitativă în şttinţele socio-umane, Transilvania University Publishing House, Braşov.
Schopenhauer, A. (2018/1844), The World as Will and Representation, vol. 2, J. Norman, A. Welchman, and C. Janaway (eds), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Simonton, D.K. (2008), “Childhood Giftedness and Adulthood Genius: A Historiometric Analysis of 291 Eminent African Americans”, Gifted Child Quarterly, vol. 52, no. 3, p. 243-255.
Simonton, D.K. and Song, A.V. (2009), “Eminence, IQ, Physical and Mental Health, and Achievement Domain: Cox’s 282 Geniuses Revisited”, Psychological Science, vol. 20, no. 4, p. 429–434.
Spearman, C. (1904), “General Intelligence Objectively Determined and Measured”, The American Journal of Psychology, vol. 15, no. 2, p. 201–292.
Sternberg, R.J. (1988), “A triarchic view of intelligence in cross-cultural perspective” in S.H. Irvine and J.W. Berry (eds), Human abilities in cultural context, p. 60–85, University Press, Cambridge.
Sternberg, R.J. (2003), “Biological intelligence” in R.J.Sternberg and E.L. Grigorenko (eds) The Psychology of Abilities, Competencies, and Expertise, Cambridge University Press, New York, USA, p. 240–262.
Stevenson, A. (ed) (2010), Oxford Dictionary of English, Oxford University Press, USA.
Strauss, A.L. and Corbin, J. (1990), Basics of Qualitative Research: grounded theory procedures and techniques, SAGE Publication, University of California.
Terman, L.M. (1925), Genetic Studies of Genius, Stanford University Press, Stanford.
Zhang, H., Cho, T., Wang, H. and Ge, Q. (2018), “The Influence of Cross-Cultural Awareness and Tourist Experience on Authenticity, Tourist Satisfaction and Acculturation in World Cultural Heritage Sites of Korea”, Sustainability, vol. 10, no. 4, p. 927.

This post has already been read 999 times!

About journal

Title: Human Geographies - Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography
ISSN online: 2067-2284
ISSN print: 1843-6587
Imprint: University of Bucharest
Frequency: Biannual (May&November)
First volume: 1/2007
Current volume: 16/2022
Language: English
Indexed in: SCOPUS, ERIH PLUS, EBSCO (SocINDEX), ProQuest (Social Science Journals, SciTech Journals, Natural Science Journals), Index Copernicus, National Technical Information Service (NTiS), Bodleian Libraries, ExLibris SFX, DOAJ, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Library, Google Scholar, Ulrich
Creative Commons License


EDITORS


Prof. dr. Liliana Dumitrache
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Geography- Human and Economic Geography Department, 1 Nicolae Balcescu Av., 010041, Bucharest, Romania

Dr. Daniela Dumbrăveanu
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Geography- Human and Economic Geography Department, 1 Nicolae Balcescu Av., 010041, Bucharest, Romania

Dr. Mariana Nae
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Geography- Human and Economic Geography Department, 1 Nicolae Balcescu Av., 010041, Bucharest, Romania

Dr. Gabriel Simion
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Geography- Human and Economic Geography Department, 1 Nicolae Balcescu Av., 010041, Bucharest, Romania

SCImago Journal & Country Rank