Journal Archives

The Urban Nexus: Contradictions and Dilemmas of (Post)Communist (Sub)Urbanization in Romania

Author: , , , and

The process of urbanization in Romania was a very tumultuous and slightly different one compared to other Central and Eastern European countries, being marked by the constant willingness to increase the degree of urbanization. The communist period was the most significant from this point of view, by considering both the number of newly declared towns and urban population growth. The urbanization of communist era corroborated with the excessive and forced industrialization has generated imbalances in the urban system and created distortions in the urban hierarchy. However, the legislative inconsistency and the lack of urban regulations during the post – communist period have lead to the increasing number of new (quasi) urban units (many of which without urban amenities) to the chaotic sub-urbanization of cities and urban decline. In many cases, the ability of local authorities to manage the urban development in the early years of transition has been hampered by inadequate legislation that regulates the urban growth in a completely different socio-economic system. Thus, the lacks of specific urban policies and urban regeneration plans have determined indirectly a hypertrophic evolution and an uncontrolled suburban expansion. Bucharest, the capital of the country has been most affected by these processes determining multilayered space transformation within the city and open space conversion to commercial and residential use, both affecting the urban environment and quality of life of urban-rural communities. The paper focuses on the patterns, the driving forces and the consequences of two opposing processes: socialist forced urbanization vs. post-socialist chaotic urbanization unfolding across the national urban landscape.

Keywords: , , , ,
Issue: Volume 10, Issue 1, 2016

Assessing Geo-demographic Dysfunctionalities within the Urban-rural Interface. Case Study: The Cities of Botosani County

Author: , and

The main objective of this study does not focus on analyzing exhaustively the urban – rural relations, but it is trying to emphasize both a theoretical interpretation and the applicability of the concept of rural-urban interface by pointing out the ways of determining the dysfunctionalities in the evolution and population structure of an administratively defined area. In order to point out these dysfunctionalities, analyses were performed at Botoşani county level, considering all the geodemographic indicators regarding the population dynamics, natural and migratory balance, and population structure. The study is based on data provided by population censuses and the statistical records of the basic territorial administrative units (communes and towns), for the period 1990‐2008. Out of these indicators only those significant for the characterization of the human potential of the urban-rural interface and for an assessment of the polarization capacity of the seven cities in the county were selected: the size of the territorial administrative unit in 2008, the population dynamics during 1990 and 2008, and the human potential standardized index. The results showed differences between the complexes(interfaces) urban-rural from the western part of the county (Botoșani, Dorohoi and Bucecea) and the Eastern one (Darabani, Săveni, Ștefănești and Flămânzi), which should promote the concept of treating the two areas (urban and rural) as a whole through the implementation of programs / projects of cooperation between local governments and various internal and external partners, the main objective being diminishing the differences (not only the demographic ones) between the two parts of the county.

Keywords: , , ,
Issue: Volume 5, Issue 2, 2011

Urban-rural Interface, Polycentric Development and Transportation Systems. Case Study: Bucharest Metropolitan Area

Author: , and

The article is aiming to analyse the concept of urban-rural interface. This concept is distinctively interpreted by various sciences such as physics, chemistry, biology, informatics and geography. The study is meaning to come up with an approach where polycentric development

Keywords: , , ,
Issue: Volume 4, Issue 2, 2010

Entrepreneurial Initiative and Regional Development. Case Study of Gorj County (Romania)

Author: , , and

The entrepreneurial sector has hardly existed in Romania before 1989. Usually this was restricted to rural spaces, excluded from the cooperative system, and generally, it did not extend beyond a familial level. The connection between the entrepreneurial initiative and the

Keywords: , , , ,
Issue: Volume 4, Issue 1, 2010

Differenciations dans l’evolution de quelques determinants socio-economiques de l’etat de sante de la population des petites villes Roumaines

Author:

Full text .pdf Dans le cas des petites villes, parmi les facteurs socio-économiques, un rôle important est attribué au niveau de formation de la population, mais aussi à la pauvreté de la population de la majorité des unités urbaines de cette

Keywords: , , , , , ,
Issue: Volume 1, Issue 1, 2007