Montenegrins in Vojvodina province, Serbia

Author: , , , and
Key words: , , ,
Issue: Volume 8, Issue 1, 2014


This article talks about the origin of Montenegrins in Vojvodina, their identity, development of their number and then about the age – gender structure. It gives the insight how old is the Montenegrins population and if it is in general older than population in Vojvodina. Particular attention was given to the period from the second half of 20th and at the begin-ning of 21st century. The main task of the paper was the identification of tendencies in the age structure of Montenegrins. Statistical methods and mathematics proceedings are used to compare different parameters of the age structure. The interviews were carried with the aim to find out the reply on question where the one third of Montenegrins had disap-peared during the last decade. The results of the study will enhance the knowledge about demographic characteristics of Montenegrins in Vojvodina and therefore might be useful for further research in the field.

Full text

Permalink (doi)

Authors Affiliations

Tamara Lukić(a)*, Gordana Jovanović(a), Milka Bubalo Živković(a), Milan Lalić(a), Bojan Đerčan (a)
(a) University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Science, Department of Geography, Tourism and Hotel Management, Serbia
* Corresponding author. Email:


Augustsson, C 2012, The Greater Nations of the Balkan Peninsula, New Bulgarian University, Scholar Electronic Repository, Sofia.

Bagić, M 2012, ‘Kolonizacija Vojvodine’, Essehist, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 44-52, Osijek.

Darmanović, S 2007, ‘Montenegro: A miracle in the Balkans?’, Journal of Democracy, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 152-159.

Djurić, V, Čurčić, S & Kicošev, S 1995, ‘The Ethnic Structure of the Population in Vojvodina’, The Serbian Question in The Balkans, pp. 211-226, Belgrade.

Đurđev, B 1996, Geography of Population, Praktikum, Novi Sad, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Prirodno-matematički fakultet, Institut za geografiju, Novi Sad. (In Serbian)

Džankić, J 2010, ‘Transformations of Citizenship in Montenegro: a context-generated evolution of citizenship policies’, CITSEE Working Paper, vol. 3, pp. 1-30.

Federal Bureau of Statistics 1970, ‘Population, Vital, Ethnic and Migration Characteristics’, Results of Republics and Demographic Rayons, Book 1, Census 1961, Belgrade. (In Serbian).

Federal Bureau of Statistics 1974, ‘Population, Vital, Ethnic and Migration Characteristics’, Results of Republics and Provinces, Census 1971, Belgrade. (In Serbian).

Federal Bureau of Statistics 1993, ‘Population, Nationality’, Municipality data, Census, 1991, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Belgrade. (In Serbian).

Francis, JJ, Johnston, M, Robertson, C, Glidewell, L, Entwistle, V, Eccles, PM & Grimshaw, MJ 2010, ‘What is an adequate sample size? Operationalising data saturation for theory – based interview studies’, Psychology and Health, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 1229–1245, Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Gaćeša, NL 2002, ‘Agrarian reforms in the recent history of Vojvodina’, Nastava istorije, vol. 8, no. 15, pp. 71-89.

Geiger, V 2008, ‘Josip Broz Tito and the fate of the Yugoslav Germans’, Časopis za suvremenu povijest, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 789-818. (In Croatian)

Harmon, D, Lim, TM & Bar-Yam, Y 2010, ‘Advanced Mathematical Science of Ethnic Violence’, Conflict Management and Peace Science, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 177–185.

Huntington, PS 1996, The clash of civilizations and the remaking of world order, Simon & Schuster, p. 260.

Ivkov, A 2006a, Demographic Picture of Vojvodina, Biblioteka Dissertatio, Zadužbina Andrejević, Beograd, (In Serbian).

Ivkov, A 2006b, Heritage of Folklore in Tourism of Vojvodina, Biblioteka Dissertatio, Zadužbina Andrejević, Beograd (In Serbian).

Janjetović, Z 2009, Germans in Vojvodina, Institut za noviju istoriju Srbije (In Serbian).

Kicošev, S & Golubović, P 2004, Geodemography, Univerzitet u Nišu, Prirodno-matematički fakultet, Odsek za geografiju, Niš (In Serbian).

Kicošev, S 1994, ‘Changes in number and ethnic structure of the population of Bačka during the 20th century’, Zbornik Matice srpske za društvene nauke, vol. 96, pp. 163-184.

Kocsis, K & Kicošev, S 2004, ‘A Vajdaság mai területének etnikai térképe’, 1:350.000 Számitógépes térképszerkesztés, Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, Földtudományi Kutató Központ, Földrajztudományi Kutatóintózet, Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, Kisebbségkutató Intézet, Budapest.

Kovačević, T, Bubalo Živković, M & Ivkov, A 2006, ‘Age-gender structure of Yugoslav population in Vojvodina Province’, Geographica Pannonica, vol. 10, p. 47-52.

Kovačević, T, Bubalo-Živković, M & Ivkov, A 2008, ‘Age-sex of Slovenians in Vojvodina in the second half of 20th and the beginning of 21st century’, Dela vol. 29, pp. 131-144, Ljubljana.

Kovačević, T, Ivkov, A & Đurđev, B 2005, ‘Age structure of Gypsies in Vojvodina’, Journal of the Geographical Institute Jovan Cvijic, SASA, vol 54, pp. 45-61, (In Serbian)

Kovačević, T, Zakić, L & Bubalo-Živković, M 2010, ‘Age-gender Structure of Croats in Vojvodina Province’, Human Geographies – Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 63-78.

Krause, RF 2012, ‘Popular Votes and Independence for Montenegro’, in Direct Democracy and Minorities, pp. 22-30, VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.

Kršev, BN 2011, ‘Comparation of Characteristics of Agrarian Reforms in Vojvodina in the Twentieth Century’, Kultura polisa, vol. VIII, no 16, pp. 117-138 (In Serbian)

Lazar, Ž 2009, ‘Vojvodina in Europe–Models of Territorial Identification of the Citizens of Vojvodina’, Zeitschrift für Balkanologie, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 57-65.

Lekić, B 2002, ‘Agrarian reform and colonization in Yugoslavia 1918-1941’, Udruženje ratnih dobrovoljaca 1912-1918, njihovih potomaka i poštovalaca. (In Serbian)

Medojević, BS 2010, ‘Colonization of Montenegrins in Vojvodina 1945-1946’, Matica, jesen, viewed on 19th October 2013, (In Serbian)

Mészáros, EL 2011, ‘The Balkans in transition: minorities, identity and selfdetermination’, Eurolimes, Communication and European Frontiers, Journal of the Institute for Euroregional Studies and ‘Jean Monnet’ European Centre of Excellence University of Oradea and University of Debrecen, no 12, pp. 204-211.

Milosavljević, O 2004, ‘Genocide against the German minority in Yugoslavia 1944-1948’, Radna grupa za dokumentaciju, Beograd (In Serbian)

MSCG. 2004, ‘Ethnic Mosaic of Serbia’, Census 2002, Ministrastvo za ljudska i manjiska prava Srbije i Crne Gore, Beograd. (In Serbian)

Nedeljković, S 2008, ‘Individual Migrations of Montenegrins to Serbian Cities in the Post-Second World War Period’, Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 171-188.

Nedeljković, S 2010, ‘Masculinity as an alternative parameter of ethnic identity: Montenegrins in the village of Lovćenac’, Etnoantropološki problemi, Beograd, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 51-67. (In Serbian)

Nedeljković, S 2012, ‘Biography as the paradigm of ethnic/national emancipation: The life story of a Montenegrin from Lovćenac as a source for studying the ethnicity/nationalism of Montenegrins in Vojvodina’, Etnoantropološki problemi, Beograd, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 539-560, (In Serbian).

Official Gazette 1945, ‘Law on Agrarian Reform and Colonization’, Službeni list FNRJ, br. 64/45, 16/46, 24/46, 99/46, 101/47, 105/48, 4/51, 19/51, 42-43/51, 21/56, 52/57, 55/57, br. 10/65. (from 23.08.1945) (In Serbian).

Official Gazette 2010, ‘Law on Official Use of Languages and Scripts’, Službeni glasnik Republike Srbije, no. 45/91, 53/93, 67/93, 48/94, 101/2005 – dr. zakoni 30/2010 (In Serbian).

Otašević, D 1999, ‘Njeguši through time’, Muzeji i galerije Podgorice, Podgorica (In Serbian).

Penev, G 1995, ‘Population by Age and Gender, In Population and households of Federeal Republic of Yugoslavia, according Census 1991’, no. 47, Institut društvenih nauka – Centar za demografska istraživanja, Belgrade. (In Serbian)

Plavša, J & Bubalo-Živković, M 2006, ‘Who is the oldest in Vojvodina?’, Zbornik Matice srpske za drustvene nauke, Broj, vol. 121, pp. 281-292.

Provincial Bureau of Statistics 1982, ‘Population, Basic caracteristics’, Data of municipalities Census 1981, Novi Sad. (In Serbian)

Radovanović, M 1979, ‘Colonizing, Bačko Dobro Polje – Highlanders in plain’, Etnografski institut SANU, Beograd. (In Serbian)

Rančić, M 1980, ‘Statistic of Population’, Viša škola za primenjenu informatiku i statistiku, Odsek za statistiku, Belgrade. (In Serbian)

Roberts, E 2007, Realm of the Black Mountain: A History of Montenegro Ithaca, New York C. Hurst Co.

Sarnyai, CM & Pap, T 2013, ‘The difficulties in the recognition of small differences: The role of language politics with regard to minority policy making in the Serbia of the early 2000’s’, International Journal of Business and Social Research vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 12-24.

Spencer, C 1993, The Former Yugoslavia: Background to Crisis, Behind the Headlines, Canadian Institute of International Affairs, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 1-16.

Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia 2003a, ‘Population, National or ethnic origin’, Census 2002, Data of settlements, no. 1, Belgrade (In Serbian).

Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia 2003b, ‘Population, Religion, Mother Tongue and Ethnicity, according by age and gender’, Census 2002, Data of municipalities, no. 3, Belgrade (In Serbian).

Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia 2013, ‘Age structure of Montenegrins, according to gender and age categories’, Census 2011, Internal documentation, Belgrad (In Serbian).

Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia 2013a, ‘Population, Religion, Mother Tongue and Ethnicity’, Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia, Data by municipalities and cities, no. 4, Belgrade (In Serbian).

Vlahović, P 1995, ‘The Serbian origin of the Montenegrins’, trans. Dusanka Hadzi-Jovancic, in The Serbian Question in the Balkans, Faculty of Geography, University of Belgrade, pp. 157–168 (In Serbian).

Wachtel, A. 2011, ‘Citizenship and Belonging: Literary Themes and Variations from Yugoslavia’, CITSEE Working Paper, vol. 12, School of Law, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.

Weidmann, BN & Duffy Toft, M 2010, ‘Promises and Pitfalls in the Spatial Prediction of Ethnic Violence a Comment’, Conflict Management and Peace Science, vol. 27, no. 2, pp: 159-176.

Zupančič, J 2010, ‘Geopolitical Dimension of the Montenegrin National Question’, Razprave in gradivo – Inštitut za narodnostna vprašanja, Institute for Ethnic Studies, Ljubljana, Slovenie, no. 61, vol. 8-40.

This post has already been read 2688 times!