A Survey of Experts and Home Business Owners in Rural Areas of Isfahan Province (Challenges and Barriers)

Author: , and
Key words: , , ,
Issue: Volume 15, Issue 1, 2021


The purpose of this article is to examine the barriers and challenges of home-based businesses from the perspective of experts and home-based business owners using the Delphi method and confirmatory factor analysis. The first group included experts from the Department of Cooperatives, Labor and Social Welfare and the Department of Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism. The sample size for the first group was selected using snowball or chain sampling of 28 people, and the second group based on the statistics of about 1,000 people in villages with large household jobs with a subset of more than 4 people in rural areas of Isfahan province. In the quantitative part, using confirmatory factor analysis, 5 factors were individualized: economic, managerial and structural, weakness of laws and comprehensive policy, research and information, and human-nature related factors.

Full text

Permalink (doi)

Authors Affiliations

Ahmad Hajarian (1), Ahmad Taghdisi* (1), Hamid Barghi (1)

1) University of Isfahan, Iran
* Corresponding author.
Email: a.taghdisi@geo.ui.ac.ir


Abdollahzadeh, G. and Rahbari, M. (2019), “Identification and Prioritization of Green Enterprise Development Areas in Golestan Province”, Journal of Entrepreneurship Development, vol. 12, no. 2, p. 201-219.
Aghahi, H., Mirkzadeh, A. and Taqi Beigi, M. (2012), “Prioritization of Factors Affecting the Development of Rural Women’s Home Jobs”, Quarterly Journal of Women and Society, vol. 3, no. 3, p. 181-201.
Ahmadpour, M. (2004), Entrepreneurship, Iran Textbook Publishing Company, Tehran.
Alsop, R., Frost. M. and Jeremy, B. (2005), Empowerment in practice from analysis to implementation. South Asia Environment and Social Unit, World Bank, Washington. DC.
Altenburg, T. and Meyer-Stamer, J. (2012), “How to promote clusters: policy experiences from Latin America”, World Development, vol. 27, no. 3, p. 1693-1714.
Bouraoui, A.O.M.A.F.M.A. (2015), “An empirical investigation of factors affecting small business success”, Journal of Management Development, vol. 34, no. 9, p. 1073-109.
Chadwilk, W. (2007), Spatial Organization in Rural Areas, Prentice-Hall, New York.
Clemens, M.A. and Kremer, M. (2016), “The New Role for the World Bank”, Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol. 30, no. 1, p. 53-76.
Courtney, E. (2020), “The Benefits of Working from Home: Why The Pandemic Isn’t the Only Reason to Work Remotely”, Flexible Jobs – FIND A BETTER WAY TO WORK, 6 October 2020, shorturl.at/iNRS1.
Dare Kolawole, O. (2012), “Probit analysis of factors influencing rural employment promotion in southern Nigeria”, World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, vol. 8, no. 4, p. 273-285.
Deshpande, A. and Kabeer, N. (2019), “Visibility, Care and Cultural Barriers: The Size and Shape of Women’s Work in India”, Discussion Paper Series in Economics, no. 10, Department of Economics, Ashoka University.
Distelberg, B. and Adrian, B. (2010), “The Role of Values and Unity in Family Businesses”, Journal of Family and Economic Issues, vol. 31, p. 427–441.
Duening, T.N. and Sherrill, W.W. (2006), “Teaching Entrepreneurship to Engineers: A Logico Deductive Review of Leading Curricula”, proceedings to the American Society of Engineering Education Annual Conference, Excellence in Education, Chicago, IL, June 18-21.
Emami, M. (2015), “Opportunities and Threats of Home Business in e-Business”, 2nd International Conference on Management and Business, Tabriz, Department of Management, University of Tabriz.
Farahani, H. and Alvandi, M. (1999), “Explaining the Entrepreneurial Challenges of Rural Small Businesses: A Case Study of Villages in Bijar County”, Journal of Applied Research in Geographical Sciences, vol. 20, no. 58, p. 105-119.
Galloway, L., Sanders, J. and Deakins, D. (2011), “Rural small firms’ use of the internet: from global to local, Journal of Rural Studies, vol. 27, no. 3, p. 254–262.
Ghiasvand, G. (2009), “Analysis of Barriers and Restrictions of Employment Development in Iranian Agricultural Production Cooperatives”, 3rd Congress of Science and Promotion of Agricultural Education.
Golrod, P. (2019), “Family and solution developing entrepreneurship of women”, Women Study, vol. 7, no. 21, p. 131-149.
Hassanpour, M. & Sabili, E. (2019), “Investigating Strategies for the Development of Start-up, Entrepreneurial and Home-Based Businesses in Rural Areas (Case Study of Urmia County)”, International Conference on Management Progress, Business, Business, Economics and Finance, Turkey, Arvin Alborz Conference.
Heimonen, T. (2012), “What Are the Factors That Affect Innovation in Growing SMEs?”, European Journal of Innovation Management, vol. 15, no. 1, p. 122-144.
Hisrich, R., Langan-Fox, J. and Grant, S. (2007), “Entrepreneurship research and practice: a call to action for psychology”, American psychologist, vol. 62, no. 6, p. 575.
Huggins, R. and Izushi, H. (2002), “The digital divide and ICT learning in rural communities: Examples of good practice service delivery”, Local Economy: The Journal of the Local Economy Policy Unit, vol. 17, no. 2, p. 111–122.
Ivus, O. and Boland, M. (2015), “The employment and wage impact of broadband deployment in Canada”, Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d’économique, vol. 48, no. 5, p. 1803–1830.
Izadi, R., Moghadam, K. and Assadollahpour, A. (2014), “Effective Structures and Obstacles to Realization of Entrepreneurship Development in Home Businesses in Agricultural Sector in Rural Areas of Shiraz”, Agricultural Extension and Education Sciences, vol. 12, no. 1, p. 39-51.
Long, H., Zou, J. and Liu, Y. (2009), “Differentiation of rural development driven by industrialization and urbanization in eastern coastal China”, Habitat International, vol. 33, no. 4, p. 454-462.
Mambola, Ch. (2002), “Perceptions of SME Growth Constraints in Nigeria”, Journal of Small Business Management, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 58–65.
Markeson, B. and Deller, S. (2012), “Growth of Rural Us Non-Farm Proprietors with a Focus on Amenities”, Review of Urban & Regional Development Studies, vol. 24, no. 3, p. 83-105.
Mokhtari, M. (2014), “Explaining the effective factors on starting a home-based business Experimental control: Businesses covered by Jihad Keshavarzi in the west of Mazandaran province”, Second National Conference on Entrepreneurship and Competitiveness, Sari, Center Entrepreneurship and relationship with industry, Mazandaran University, Sari, 31 May.
Nair, V. and Whitelaw, A.P. (2015), “Redefining Rural Tourism in Malaysia: A Conceptual Perspective”, Journal Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, vol. 20, no. 3, p. 314- 337.
Najafi, B. and Safa, L. (2009), “Investigating Entrepreneurial Home Businesses and Barriers and Challenges of Its Development in Rural Areas”, Journal of Entrepreneurship in Agriculture, vol. 2, no. 1, p. 61-73.
Nawaz, F. (2009), Critical Factors of Women Entrepreneurship Development in Rural Bangladesh, Bangladesh Development Research Center (BDRC).
Rifford, J. and Croom, B. (2010), “Program needs of middle school agriculture education teachers: A Delphi Study”, Journal of Agricultural Education, vol. 51, no. 4, p. 131–141.
Roberts, N. (2004), “Public deliberation in age of direct citizen participation”, American Review of Public Administration, vol. 34, no. 3, p. 315-353.
Rudgar-Nejad, F. and Kiakjuri, K. (2018), “Challenges and Barriers to Home Business Development”, First National Conference on Home Business Development, Tehran, p. 135-143.
Saadi, H. and Heydari, F. (2013), “Home Business Cooperatives in Hamadan Province”, Journal of Entrepreneurship Development, vol. 6, no. 1, p. 87-104.
Saeedi Mobarakeh, A. (2014), “Factors affecting the development of women’s business in the field of home-based businesses based on the PEST model Case study: Isfahan”, M.Sc. Thesis, Sistan and Baluchestan University, Faculty of Management and Accounting.
Schumacher, E.F. (1973), Small Is Beautiful: Economics as If People Mattered, Harper and Row, New York.
Seventeen, H. (1993), “Pathology of Entrepreneurship in the Islamic Republic of Iran”, Labor and Society, vol. 120, no. 1, p. 132-121.
Statistical Center of Iran (2018), Population and housing census 2018, Tehran, Statistical Center of Iran press.
Statistics Center of Iran (2016), Statistical Yearbook, Isfahan Province
Taghibaygi, M., Agahi, H. and Mirakzadeh, A. (2014), “A Study of Barriers and Suitable Solution in Development of Rural Household Jobs from the Perspective of Rural Women and Expert in the City of West Islamabad”, Journal of Rural Research, vol. 5, no. 2, p. 283-310.
Tambunan, T. (2008), “Trade liberalization effects on the development of small and medium-sized enterprises in Indonesia: A case study”, Asia Pacific Development Journal, vol. 15, no. 2, p. 35-45.
Tipple, G. (2016), “Employment and work conditions in home based enterprises in four developing countries”, Work Employment and Society, vol. 20, no. 1, p. 165-185.
Walker, E. and Webster, B. (2004), “Gender issues in home-based businesses”, Women in Management Review, vol. 19, p. 404-412.
Walker, E., Wang, C. and Redmond, J. (2008), “Women and work-life balance: Is home-based business ownership the solution?”, Equal Opportunities International, vol. 27, p. 258–275.
Whitacre, B., Gallardo, R. and Strover, S. (2014), “Broadband’s contribution to economic growth in rural areas: moving towards a causal relationship”, Telecommunications Policy, vol. 38, p. 1011–1023.
York, M. (2012), Statistical analysis using SPSS, 7th edition, Shaygan Treasure Printing.

This post has already been read 10342 times!

About journal

Title: Human Geographies - Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography
ISSN online: 2067-2284
ISSN print: 1843-6587
Imprint: University of Bucharest
Frequency: Biannual (May&November)
First volume: 1/2007
Current volume: 18/2024
Language: English
Indexed in: SCOPUS, ERIH PLUS, EBSCO (SocINDEX), ProQuest (Social Science Journals, SciTech Journals, Natural Science Journals), Index Copernicus, National Technical Information Service (NTiS), Bodleian Libraries, ExLibris SFX, DOAJ, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Library, Google Scholar, Ulrich
Creative Commons License


Prof. dr. Liliana Dumitrache
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Geography- Human and Economic Geography Department, 1 Nicolae Balcescu Av., 010041, Bucharest, Romania

Dr. Daniela Dumbrăveanu
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Geography- Human and Economic Geography Department, 1 Nicolae Balcescu Av., 010041, Bucharest, Romania

Dr. Mariana Nae
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Geography- Human and Economic Geography Department, 1 Nicolae Balcescu Av., 010041, Bucharest, Romania

Dr. Gabriel Simion
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Geography- Human and Economic Geography Department, 1 Nicolae Balcescu Av., 010041, Bucharest, Romania

SCImago Journal & Country Rank